In my book, I talk about learning abstract words *after* you’ve learned the 625 Word List, but in the intervening years, I’ve noticed that you can actually learn them at any time after you’ve learned pronunciation.

To do it, you’ll need quality example sentences. The *best* source of example sentences is from personal work with a tutor. I have a guide to that over here:
https://fluent-forever.com/italki-tutor-guide/ . But you can get example sentences from all sorts of sources: grammar books, frequency dictionaries, online language guides, etc.

Let’s say you get an example sentence or two like:

“Today, my friends’ parents texted me their address. I’m going to a holiday party there tomorrow.”

You can use those to learn words like “their” or “my” or “today”:

“Today, my friends’ parents texted me __ address. I’m going to a holiday party there tomorrow.”

“Today, __ friends’ parents texted me their address. I’m going to a holiday party there tomorrow.”

“__, my friends’ parents texted me their address. I’m going to a holiday party there tomorrow.”

In terms of images, you can choose images that fit the story generally, or something that’s particular to the role of the abstract word in the sentence:

“Today, my friends’ parents texted me __ address. I’m going to a holiday party there tomorrow.” –> Image of a house

“Today, __ friends’ parents texted me their address. I’m going to a holiday party there tomorrow.” –> Image of friendly looking people

“__, my friends’ parents texted me their address. I’m going to a holiday party there tomorrow.” –> Image of calendar

These sorts of sentences work better when they’re personal – sometimes, it’s going to be hard to remember that you got texted “today” as opposed to “yesterday” when it’s not an actual memory of yours. But still, they’ll tend to work fine, even if they’re not personal, and if they are too ambiguous for you, then skip those words for a while until you have enough of your target language memorized to write yourself little hints/definitions that help specify the word you’re looking for:

“__, my friends’ parents texted me their address. I’m going to a holiday party there tomorrow.” [The day after yesterday!] –> Picture of calendar.

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